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Convention on International Civil Aviation

Parties with reservations, declarations and objections

Party Reservations / Declarations Objections
China Yes No
Panama Yes No
Russian Federation Yes No
Saudi Arabia Yes No
Switzerland Yes No



... the Government of the People's Republic of China has decided to recognize the Convention on International Civil Aviation which the then Government of China signed in Chicago on December 9 [sic], 1944, and of which an instrument of ratification was deposited by it on February 20, 1946... The Governement of the People's Republic of China has also decided to participate in the activities of the International Civil Aviation Organization as from this date.
For reasons of safety of flight and public safety and in the light of the provisions of Articles 5 and 9 of Chapter II of the Convention, any foreign civil aircraft engaged in non-scheduled flight that wishes to fly into Chinese territory is required to make prior application to the Chinese Government. Such aircraft may enter Chinese territory only after receiving a reply of approval and must observe the regulation of following the assigned route and landing at the designated airport. Application of Chapter XVIII of the Convention must be based on the principle of not infringing on China's sovereignty.


[Declaration on the resumption of the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong]
The execution of Chapter 18 must not, as a principle, prejudice the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China.


The statement made by the Government of the People's Republic of China to the provisions of Articles 5 and 9 of Chapter II and the provisions of Chapter XVIII shall also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.



The Republic of Panama accedes to the said Convention with the reservation that the Republic of Panama does not give its assent to the word jurisdiction appearing in Article 2 of the Convention as equivalent to the term suzerainty which appears in the English text.

Russian Federation


The provisions of Article 2 of the Convention, according to which the territory of a State is deemed to be the territory under its soveignty, protectorate or mandate, are outdated and conflict with the U.N. General Assembly Declaration on Granting Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (Resolution 1514 (XV) of December 14, 1960);
The provisions of Articles 92 (a) and 93 of the Convention, pursuant to which a number of States are deprived of the opportunity to become parties to the Convention, are discriminatory in nature, and [the Soviet Union] considers that, in accordance with the principle of the sovereign equality of States, the Convention should be open to adherence of all interested States without any discrimination or limitation.

Saudi Arabia


The Saudi Arabian Government, in referring to Article 89, Chapter XIX of the Convention, intends to invoke the provisions of that Article vis-a-vis Israel.



[...] the authorities in Switzerland have agreed with the authorities in the Principality of Liechtenstein that this Convention will be applicable to the territory of the Principality as well as to that of the Swiss Confederation, as long as the Treaty of March 29, 1923, integrating the whole territory of Liechtenstein with the Swiss customs territory will remain in force.


With the exception of the depositary notifications, the information in the Treaty Database is offered as a public service and has no official status. For official publications, please consult the Treaty Series (“Tractatenblad”) on www.officielebekendmakingen.nl.