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Treaty

Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals

Parties with reservations, declarations and objections

Party Reservations / Declarations Objections
Argentina Yes Yes
Australia Yes No
Bolivia Yes No
Cuba Yes No
Denmark Yes No
EU (European Union) Yes No
France Yes No
Norway Yes No
South Africa Yes No
Syria Yes No
Uganda Yes No

Argentina

19-10-1985

The Argentine Republic rejects the territorial application of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals signed in Bonn on 23 June 1979, which entered into force on 1 November 1983, to the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, which was notified by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the Secretariat of the Convention on 23 July 1985 when it ratified this instrument, incorrectly designating these islands as the ‘Falkland Islands and Falkland dependencies’.
The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereign rights over the islands in question, which are part of its national territory and concerning which there exists a sovereignty dispute, as recognised by Resolutions 2065, 3160, 31/49, 37/9, 38/12 and 39/6 of the General Assembly of the United Nations Organisation.

Objection United Kingdom, 10-12-1985

The Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are British Dependent Territories. The British Government has no doubts about UK Sovereignity over them. The reference in the Secretariat's document is correct.

10-10-1991

The Argentine Republic rejects the inclusion of the vicuña (Lama vicugna) in Appendix I of this Convention, on the grounds that this is not a migratory species.

Objection United Kingdom, 12-03-1992

The British Government has noted that the Argentine instrument of accession contains the provision that the Republic of Argentina rejects the extension of the Convention by the United Kingdom of Great-Britain and Northern Ireland to include the Falkland Island, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The British Government rejects the assertions concerning these two British Dependent Territories made in the Argentine instrument. The Embassy notes that the Convention applies to these Territories by virtue of the British Government's extension which was effected on 23 June 1979.

Australia

26-06-1991

Australia has a federal constitutional system in which legislative, executive and judicial powers are shared or distributed between its central, State and Territory authorities. The implementation of the Convention throughout Australia will be effected by the Federal, State and Territory Goverments having regard to their respective constitutional powers and arrangements concerning their exercise.

11-01-2015

Australia on 11 January 2015 notified that it makes a reservation to the inclusion to Appendix II of the Convention of the following species:
Alopias superciliosus (Bigeye thresher shark),
Alopias vulpinus (Common thresher shark),
Alopias pelagicus (Pelagic thresher shark),
Sphyrna lewini (Scalloped Hammerhead shark),
Sphyrna mokarran (Great Hammerhead shark).

15-01-2018

Australia made a reservation with respect to the inclusion of the following species in Appendix II to the Convention:
Carcharhinus obscurus (Dusky shark)
Prionace glauca (Blue shark)
Rhynchobatus australiae (White-spotted wedgefish)
Pursuant to Article XI, paragraph 6 of the Convention, the inclusion of the above-named species, adopted on 28 October 2017 on the occasion of the Conference of the Parties, shall not enter into force for Australia.

Bolivia

16-12-2002

Lodges a reservation with regard to the inclusion of the Bolivian vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) in Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, because its population has increased from 1,097 in 1965 to 56,383, as recorded in the census conducted in 2001. Consequently, this species should only continue to be included in Appendix II of the Convention (CMS).

Cuba

06-11-2007

The Republic of Cuba has declared reservations to the Convention concerning
1. Chelonia Mydas (Green Turtle)
2. Caretta Caretta (Loggerhead)
3. Eretmochelys Imbricata (Hawksbill Turtle)

Denmark

05-08-1982

The Convention does not apply to [...] Greenland.

20-12-2002

The Government of Denmark hereby gives notification in accordance with Article XI, Section 5, of the Convention that it makes a reservation to the effect that the changes to Appendix I and Appendix II of the Convention concerning the whale species Balaenoptera bonaerensis - Antarctic Minke Whale (in Appendix II), Balaenoptera edeni - Bryde's Whale (in Appendix II), Balaenoptera physalus - Fin Whale (in Appendices I and II), Balaenoptera borealis - Sei Whale (in Appendices I and II), Capera marginata - Pygmy Right Whale (in Appendix II) and Physeter macrocephalus (syn. Catodon) - Sperm Whale (in Appendices I and II) do not apply to the Faroe Islands and their surrounding waters. The changes will equally not apply to Greenland and its surrounding waters by virtue of the territorial reservation made at the time of the deposit by the Government of Denmark of its instrument of ratification of the Convention in 1982.

17-02-2006

Referring to Article XI, 5 in the Convention, Denmark hereby makes a territorial reservation to the listing of Basking Sharks with regards to the Faroe Islands. The authorities of the Faroe Islands are of the view that matters regarding conservation and management of fishery resources, including sharks, fall under the domain of relevant regional fishery management organisations, as for instance the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC), the North Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). On the basis of regional fishery resources, these organisations decide on matters regarding conservation and management at the regional level. Following a proposal by Denmark (in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland) NEAFC at its Annual Meeting in November 2005 made a recommendation, based upon available advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) prohibiting all directed fishing of Basking Shark in the NEAFC Convention Area in 2006 and asking Contracting Parties to furnish ICES with data, including fisheries data, which could enable ICES to further evaluate the state of the stock.

23-05-2014

Reservation according to Article XI (6) of the Convention to the adoption of the orca and of the narwhale to Annex II of the Convention by the Third COP.

EU (European Union)

12-07-1983

The European Economic Community declares that its accession to the Convention does not apply to Greenland.

01-03-2006

In accordance with Article XI of the CMS-Bonn Convention, an amendment to the Appendices shall enter into force for all Parties ninety days after the meeting of the Conference of the Parties at which it was adopted, except for those Parties, which make a reservation. The proposal for inclusion of Cetorhinus maximus in Appendix I of CMS-Bonn Convention, adopted at the last Conference of the Parties (COP8, November 2005) if accepted by the European Community, would require a change in EC law. Therefore, the European Community would like to hereby introduce a reservation on the inclusion of Cetorhinus maximus in Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.

01-12-2009

According to Article 1 (3) of the Treaty on the European Union as amended by the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009 the European Union shall replace and succeed the European Community.

France

23-04-1990

In depositing its instrument of ratification of this Convention, the Government of the French Republic lodges reservations concerning Appendix I: Interpretation and concerning the species Chelonia mydas (green turtle).

Norway

01-01-1989

Reservation in accordance with Article XI (6) of the Convention to the adoption of the white-beaked dolphin and of the Atlantic white-sided dolphin to Annex II of the Convention by the Second COP held from 10 to 14 October 1988 in Geneva.

01-01-1992

Reservation in accordance with Article XI (6) of the Convention to the adoption of the orca and of the narwhale to Annex II of the Convention by the Third COP held from 9 to 13 September 1991 in Geneva.

11-12-2002

The Government of Norway hereby lodges a formal reservation, in accordance with Article XI 6 of the Convention, against the amendments adopted at the seventh Conference of the Parties (COP7) held in Bonn, Germany, on 18-24 September 2002, regarding the inclusion of the following species in Appendices I and II of the Convention:
Balaenoptera bonaerensis - Antarctic Minke Whale (in Appendix II)
Balaenoptera edeni - Bryde's Whale (in Appendix II)
Balaenoptera physalus - Fin Whale (in Appendices I and II)
Balaenoptera borealis - Sei Whale (in Appendices I and II)
Capera marginata - Pygmy Right Whale (in Appendix II)
Physeter macrocephalus (syn. Catodon) - Sperm Whale (in Appendices I and II)
Orcinus orca - Killer Whale (in Appendix II)
Carcharodon carcharias - Great White Shark (in Appendices I and II).

24-02-2006

The Conference of the Parties to the Convention of Migratory Species (CMS) at its 8th meeting in Nairobi, Kenya 21-25 November, accepted the inclusion in Appendix I (Article III: Endangered migratory species) and II (Article IV: Migratory species to be the Subject of Agreements) of the following species:
Cetorhinus maximus (Basking shark)
In accordance with Article X, paragraph 6 of the Convention, the Government of Norway hereby notifies the Government of Germany, Depositary Government of the Convention that it has decided to make a reservation to the inclusions mentioned above. With the respect to the inclusion in Appendix I and Appendix II of the above mentioned species, the Norwegian Government considers that the listing of this species does not comply with the criteria for species to be included in Appendix I and Appendix II of the Convention. Also, the Basking shark is within the purview of the North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC), which at its 24th Annual Meeting recommended that no fishery should be undertaken in the Convention Area in 2006. The Commission also called for compilation of data to better assess stock status. The Norwegian Government will closely follow the work carried out in the NEAFC and FAO on this species. Based on the development of the on-going initiatives Norway may review its reservation of Basking shark in Appendix II of the CMS at a later stage.

South Africa

23-01-2018

The Republic of South Africa made a reservation with respect to the inclusion of the following species in Appendix II to the Convention:
Giraffa camelopardalis (Giraffe)
Panthera leo (Lion)
Panthera pardus (Leopard)
Prionace glauca (Blue Shark)
Pursuant to Article XI, paragraph 6 of the Convention, the inclusion of the above-named species, adopted on 28 October 2017 on the occasion of the Conference of the Parties, shall not enter into force for the Republic of South Africa.

Syria

31-03-2003

Under no circumstances shall the accession of the Syrian Arab Republic to this Convention, as amended, imply recognition of Israel or occasion its entry with the latter into any of the transactions regulated by the provisions of the same, as amended.

Uganda

24-01-2018

The Republic of Uganda made a reservation with respect to the inclusion of the following species in the Appendices to the Convention:
Chimpanzees
Lions
Leopards
Giraffes
Pursuant to Article XI, paragraph 6 of the Convention, the inclusion of the above-named species, adopted on 28 October 2017 on the occasion of the Conference of the Parties, shall not enter into force for the Republic of Uganda.

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