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Treaty

Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer

Treaty data

Treaty number
000044
Date of conclusion
22-03-1985
Place of conclusion
Wenen
Provisional application
Entry into force
22-09-1988
Retroactive effect
Termination
Treaty Series
1985, 144
1988, 145
1996, 79
Parliamentary paper
20215
Approval act
1988, 427
Consolidated text
0002799

Comment

The Convention was in force for the Netherlands Antilles from 27-12-1988 until 10-10-2010.

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Provisional application Entry into force Retroactive effect Termination
Netherlands
(in Europe)
27-12-1988
Netherlands
(Bonaire)
10-10-2010
Netherlands
(Sint Eustatius)
10-10-2010
Netherlands
(Saba)
10-10-2010
Aruba 27-12-1988
Curaçao 10-10-2010
Sint Maarten 10-10-2010

Parties

Parties with a link have a reservation.

Party Signature Provisional application Ratification

S=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification
R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification
A=Accession
Su=Succession
NK=Not Known

Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Afghanistan 17-06-2004 (A) 15-09-2004
Albania 08-10-1999 (A) 06-01-2000
Algeria 20-10-1992 (A) 18-01-1993
Andorra 26-01-2009 (A) 26-04-2009
Angola 17-05-2000 (A) 15-08-2000
Antigua and Barbuda 03-12-1992 (A) 03-03-1993
Argentina 22-03-1985 18-01-1990 (R) 18-04-1990
Armenia 01-10-1999 (A) 30-12-1999
Australia 16-09-1987 (A) 22-09-1988
Austria 16-09-1985 19-08-1987 (R) 22-09-1988
Azerbaijan 12-06-1996 (A) 10-09-1996
Bahamas 01-04-1993 (A) 30-06-1993
Bahrain 27-04-1990 (A) 26-07-1990
Bangladesh 02-08-1990 (A) 31-10-1999
Barbados 16-10-1992 (A) 14-01-1993
Belarus 22-03-1985 20-06-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Belgium 22-03-1985 17-10-1988 (R) 15-01-1989
Belize 06-06-1997 (A) 04-09-1997
Benin 01-07-1993 (A) 29-09-1993
Bhutan 23-08-2004 (A) 21-11-2004
Bolivia 03-10-1994 (A) 01-01-1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 01-09-1993 (Su) 06-03-1992
Botswana 04-12-1991 (A) 03-03-1992
Brazil 19-03-1990 (A) 17-06-1990
Brunei 26-07-1990 (A) 24-10-1990
Bulgaria 20-11-1990 (A) 18-02-1991
Burkina Faso 12-12-1985 30-03-1989 (R) 28-06-1989
Burundi 06-01-1997 (A) 06-04-1997
Cambodia 27-06-2001 (A) 25-09-2001
Cameroon 30-08-1989 (A) 28-11-1989
Canada 22-03-1985 04-06-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Cape Verde 31-07-2001 (A) 29-10-2001
Central African Republic 29-03-1993 (A) 27-06-1993
Chad 18-05-1989 (A) 16-08-1989
Chile 22-03-1985 06-03-1990 (R) 04-06-1990
China 11-09-1989 (A) 10-12-1989
Colombia 16-07-1990 (A) 14-10-1990
Comoros 31-10-1994 (A) 29-01-1995
Cook Islands 22-12-2003 (A) 21-03-2004
Costa Rica 30-07-1991 (A) 28-10-1991
Côte d'Ivoire 05-04-1993 (A) 04-07-1993
Croatia 21-09-1992 (Su) 08-10-1991
Cuba 14-07-1992 (A) 12-10-1992
Cyprus 28-05-1992 (A) 26-08-1992
Czech Republic 30-09-1993 (Su) 01-01-1993
Czechoslovakia (<01-01-1993) 01-10-1990 (A) 30-12-1990
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 24-01-1995 (A) 24-04-1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo 30-11-1994 (A) 28-02-1995
Denmark 22-03-1985 29-09-1988 (R) 28-12-1988
Djibouti 30-09-1999 (A) 28-10-1999
Dominica 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Dominican Republic 18-05-1993 (A) 16-08-1993
Ecuador 10-04-1990 (A) 09-07-1990
Egypt 22-03-1985 09-05-1988 (R) 22-09-1988
El Salvador 02-10-1992 (A) 31-12-1992
Equatorial Guinea 17-08-1988 (A) 15-11-1988
Eritrea 10-03-2005 (A) 08-06-2005
Estonia 17-10-1996 (A) 15-01-1997
Eswatini 10-11-1992 (A) 08-02-1993
Ethiopia 11-10-1994 (A) 09-01-1995
EU (European Union) 22-03-1985 17-10-1988 (R) 15-01-1989
Federated States of Micronesia 03-08-1994 (A) 01-11-1994
Fiji 23-10-1989 (A) 21-01-1990
Finland 22-03-1985 26-09-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
France 22-03-1985 04-12-1987 (R) 22-09-1988
Gabon 09-02-1994 (A) 10-05-1994
Gambia, The 25-07-1990 (A) 23-10-1990
Georgia 21-03-1996 (A) 19-06-1996
Germany 22-03-1985 30-09-1988 (R) 29-12-1988
Ghana 24-07-1989 (A) 22-10-1989
Greece 22-03-1985 29-12-1988 (R) 29-03-1989
Grenada 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Guatemala 11-09-1987 (A) 22-09-1988
Guinea 25-06-1992 (A) 23-09-1992
Guinea-Bissau 12-11-2002 (A) 10-02-2003
Guyana 12-08-1993 (A) 10-11-1993
Haïti 29-03-2000 (A) 27-06-2000
Holy See 05-05-2008 (A) 03-08-2008
Honduras 14-10-1993 (A) 12-01-1994
Hungary 04-05-1988 (A) 22-09-1988
Iceland 29-08-1989 (A) 27-11-1989
India 22-03-1991 (A) 16-06-1991
Indonesia 26-06-1992 (A) 24-09-1992
Iran 03-10-1990 (A) 01-01-1991
Iraq 25-06-2008 (A) 23-09-2008
Ireland 15-09-1988 (A) 14-12-1988
Israel 20-06-1992 (A) 28-09-1992
Italy 22-03-1985 19-09-1988 (R) 18-12-1988
Jamaica 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Japan 30-09-1988 (A) 29-12-1988
Jordan 31-05-1989 (A) 29-08-1989
Kazakhstan 26-08-1998 (A) 24-11-1998
Kenya 09-11-1988 (A) 07-02-1989
Kiribati 07-01-1993 (A) 07-04-1993
Kuwait 23-11-1992 (A) 21-02-1993
Kyrgyzstan 31-05-2000 (A) 29-08-2000
Laos 21-08-1998 (A) 19-11-1998
Latvia 28-04-1995 (A) 27-07-1995
Lebanon 30-03-1993 (A) 28-06-1993
Lesotho 25-03-1994 (A) 23-06-1994
Liberia 15-01-1996 (A) 14-04-1996
Libya 11-07-1990 (A) 09-10-1990
Liechtenstein 08-02-1989 (A) 09-05-1989
Lithuania 18-01-1995 (A) 18-04-1995
Luxembourg 17-04-1985 17-10-1988 (R) 15-01-1989
Madagascar 07-11-1996 (A) 05-02-1997
Malawi 09-01-1991 (A) 09-04-1991
Malaysia 29-08-1989 (A) 27-11-1989
Maldives 26-04-1988 (A) 22-09-1988
Mali 28-10-1994 (A) 26-01-1995
Malta 15-09-1988 (A) 14-12-1988
Marshall Islands 11-03-1993 (A) 09-06-1993
Mauritania 26-05-1994 (A) 24-08-1994
Mauritius 18-08-1992 (A) 16-11-1992
Mexico 01-04-1985 14-09-1987 (R) 22-09-1988
Moldova 24-10-1996 (A) 22-01-1997
Monaco 12-03-1993 (A) 10-06-1993
Mongolia 07-03-1996 (A) 05-06-1996
Montenegro 23-10-2006 (Su) 03-06-2006
Morocco 07-02-1986 28-12-1995 (R) 27-03-1996
Mozambique 09-09-1994 (A) 08-12-1994
Myanmar 24-11-1993 (A) 22-02-1994
Namibia 20-09-1993 (A) 19-12-1993
Nauru 12-11-2001 (A) 10-02-2002
Nepal 06-07-1994 (A) 04-10-1994
Netherlands, the Kingdom of the 22-03-1985 28-09-1988 (R) 27-12-1988
New Zealand 21-03-1986 02-06-1987 (R) 22-09-1988
Nicaragua 05-03-1993 (A) 03-06-1993
Niger 09-10-1992 (A) 07-01-1993
Nigeria 31-10-1988 (A) 29-01-1989
Niue 22-12-2003 (A) 21-03-2004
North Macedonia 10-03-1994 (Su) 17-11-1991
Norway 22-03-1985 23-09-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Oman 30-06-1999 (A) 28-09-1999
Pakistan 18-12-1992 (A) 18-03-1993
Palau 29-05-2001 (A) 27-08-2001
Palestine 18-03-2019 (A) 16-06-2019
Panama 13-02-1989 (A) 14-05-1989
Papua New Guinea 27-10-1992 (A) 24-01-1993
Paraguay 03-12-1992 (A) 03-03-1993
Peru 22-03-1985 07-04-1989 (R) 06-07-1989
Philippines 17-07-1991 (A) 15-10-1991
Poland 13-07-1990 (A) 11-10-1990
Portugal 17-10-1988 (A) 15-01-1989
Qatar 22-01-1996 (A) 21-04-1996
Republic of Korea, the 27-02-1992 (A) 27-05-1992
Republic of the Congo 16-11-1994 (A) 14-02-1995
Romania 27-01-1993 (A) 27-04-1993
Russian Federation 22-03-1985 18-06-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Rwanda 11-10-2001 (A) 09-01-2002
Saint Kitts and Nevis 10-08-1992 (R) 08-11-1992
Saint Lucia 28-07-1993 (A) 26-10-1993
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02-12-1996 (A) 02-03-1997
Samoa 21-12-1992 (A) 21-03-1993
San Marino 23-04-2009 (A) 22-07-2009
São Tomé e Principe 19-11-2001 (A) 17-02-2002
Saudi Arabia 01-03-1993 (A) 30-05-1993
Senegal 19-03-1993 (A) 17-06-1993
Serbia 12-03-2001 (Su) 27-04-1992
Seychelles 06-01-1993 (A) 06-04-1993
Sierra Leone 29-08-2001 (A) 27-11-2001
Singapore 05-01-1989 (A) 05-04-1989
Slovakia 28-05-1993 (Su) 01-01-1993
Slovenia 01-07-1992 (Su) 25-06-1991
Solomon Islands 17-06-1993 (A) 15-09-1993
Somalia 01-08-2001 (A) 30-10-2001
South Africa 15-01-1990 (A) 15-04-1990
South Sudan 12-01-2012 (A) 11-04-2012
Spain 25-07-1988 (A) 23-10-1988
Sri Lanka 15-12-1989 (A) 15-03-1990
Sudan 29-01-1993 (A) 29-04-1993
Suriname 14-10-1997 (A) 12-01-1998
Sweden 22-03-1985 26-11-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Switzerland 22-03-1985 17-12-1987 (R) 22-09-1988
Syria 12-12-1989 (A) 12-03-1990
Tajikistan 06-05-1996 (A) 04-08-1996
Tanzania 07-04-1993 (A) 06-07-1993
Thailand 07-07-1989 (A) 05-10-1989
Timor-Leste 16-09-2009 (A) 15-12-2009
Togo 25-02-1991 (A) 25-05-1991
Tonga 29-07-1998 (A) 27-10-1998
Trinidad and Tobago 28-08-1989 (A) 26-11-1989
Tunisia 25-09-1989 (A) 24-12-1989
Turkey 20-09-1991 (A) 19-12-1991
Turkmenistan 18-11-1993 (A) 16-02-1994
Tuvalu 15-07-1993 (A) 13-10-1993
Uganda 24-06-1988 (A) 22-09-1988
Ukraine 22-03-1985 18-06-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
United Arab Emirates 22-12-1989 (A) 22-03-1990
United Kingdom 20-05-1985 15-05-1987 22-09-1988
United States of America 22-03-1985 27-08-1986 (R) 22-09-1988
Uruguay 27-02-1989 (A) 28-05-1989
Uzbekistan 18-05-1993 (A) 16-08-1993
Vanuatu 21-11-1994 (A) 19-02-1995
Venezuela 01-09-1988 (A) 30-11-1988
Vietnam 26-01-1994 (A) 26-04-1994
Yemen 21-02-1996 (A) 21-05-1996
Yugoslavia (< 25-06-1991) 16-04-1990 (A) 15-07-1990
Zambia 24-01-1990 (A) 24-04-1990
Zimbabwe 03-11-1992 (A) 01-02-1993

Extensions

China

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Hong Kong SAR 01-07-1997
Macao SAR 20-12-1999

Portugal

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Macao (<20-12-1999) 15-02-1994 20-12-1999

United Kingdom

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus) 15-05-1987
Anguilla 15-05-1987
Bermuda 15-05-1987
British Antarctic Territory 15-05-1987
British Indian Ocean Territory 15-05-1987
British Virgin Islands 15-05-1987
British Virgin Islands 15-05-1987
Ducie and Oeno Islands 15-05-1987
Falkland Islands 15-05-1987
Gibraltar 15-05-1987
Guernsey 30-08-1990
Henderson Island 15-05-1987
Hong Kong (< 01-07-1997) 15-05-1987 01-07-1997
Jersey 15-05-1987
Man, Isle of 15-05-1987
Montserrat 15-05-1987
Pitcairn Islands 15-05-1987
Saint-Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 15-05-1987
South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands 15-05-1987
Turks and Caicos Islands 15-05-1987

Child treaties

Title Date of conclusion Place of conclusion
Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer 16-09-1987 Montreal

Actions

With the exception of the depositary notifications, the information in the Treaty Database is offered as a public service and has no official status. For official publications, please consult the Treaty Series (“Tractatenblad”) on www.officielebekendmakingen.nl.