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Treaty

Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer

Treaty data

Treaty number
001983
Date of conclusion
16-09-1987
Place of conclusion
Montreal
Provisional application
Entry into force
01-01-1989
Retroactive effect
Termination
Treaty Series
1988, 11
1989, 11
1990, 99
1991, 49
1991, 74
1992, 16
1992, 131
1993, 90
1993, 164
1994, 195
1995, 82
1997, 42
1998, 50
1998, 233
2000, 83
2001, 72
2002, 89
2008, 120
2016, 199
2017, 96
2018, 28
2018, 84
2019, 13
Parliamentary paper
20666
Consolidated text
0002086

Comment

The Protocol was in force for the Netherlands Antilles from 01-01-1989 until 10-10-2010.

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Provisional application Entry into force Retroactive effect Termination
Netherlands
(in Europe)
01-01-1989
Netherlands
(Bonaire)
10-10-2010
Netherlands
(Sint Eustatius)
10-10-2010
Netherlands
(Saba)
10-10-2010
Aruba 01-01-1989
Curaçao 10-10-2010
Sint Maarten 10-10-2010

Parties

Parties with a link have a reservation.

Party Signature Provisional application Ratification

S=Signature without reservation or requirement of ratification
R=Ratification, Acceptance, Approval or Notification
A=Accession
Su=Succession
NK=Not Known

Entry into force Renunciation Termination
Afghanistan 17-06-2004 (A) 15-09-2004
Albania 08-10-1999 (A) 06-01-2000
Algeria 20-10-1992 (A) 18-01-1993
Andorra 26-01-2009 (A) 26-04-2009
Angola 17-05-2000 (A) 15-08-2000
Antigua and Barbuda 03-12-1992 (A) 03-03-1993
Argentina 29-06-1988 18-09-1990 (R) 17-12-1990
Armenia 01-10-1999 (A) 30-12-1999
Australia 08-06-1988 19-05-1989 (R) 17-08-1989
Austria 29-08-1988 03-05-1989 (R) 01-08-1989
Azerbaijan 12-06-1996 (A) 10-09-1996
Bahamas 04-05-1993 (A) 02-08-1993
Bahrain 27-04-1990 (A) 26-07-1990
Bangladesh 02-08-1990 (A) 31-10-1990
Barbados 16-10-1992 (A) 14-01-1993
Belarus 22-01-1988 31-10-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Belgium 16-09-1987 30-12-1988 (R) 30-03-1989
Belize 09-01-1998 (A) 09-04-1998
Benin 01-07-1993 (A) 29-09-1993
Bhutan 23-08-2004 (A) 21-11-2004
Bolivia 03-10-1994 (A) 01-01-1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 01-09-1993 (Su) 06-03-1992
Botswana 04-12-1991 (A) 03-03-1992
Brazil 19-03-1990 (A) 17-06-1990
Brunei 27-05-1993 (A) 25-08-1993
Bulgaria 20-11-1990 (A) 18-02-1991
Burkina Faso 14-09-1988 20-07-1989 (R) 18-10-1989
Burundi 06-01-1997 (A) 06-04-1997
Cambodia 27-06-2001 (A) 25-09-2001
Cameroon 30-08-1989 (A) 27-11-1989
Canada 16-09-1987 30-06-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Cape Verde 31-07-2001 (A) 29-10-2001
Central African Republic 29-03-1993 (A) 27-06-1993
Chad 07-06-1994 (R) 05-09-1994
Chile 14-06-1988 26-03-1990 (R) 24-06-1990
China 14-06-1991 (A) 12-09-1991
Colombia 06-12-1993 (A) 06-03-1994
Comoros 31-10-1994 (A) 29-01-1995
Cook Islands 22-12-2003 (A) 21-03-2004
Costa Rica 30-07-1991 (A) 28-10-1991
Côte d'Ivoire 05-04-1993 (A) 04-07-1993
Croatia 21-09-1992 (Su) 08-10-1991
Cuba 14-07-1992 (A) 12-10-1992
Cyprus 28-05-1992 (A) 26-08-1992
Czech Republic 30-09-1993 (Su) 01-01-1993
Czechoslovakia (<01-01-1993) 01-10-1990 (A) 30-12-1990
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 24-01-1995 (A) 24-04-1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo 30-11-1994 (A) 28-02-1995
Denmark 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Djibouti 30-07-1999 (A) 28-10-1999
Dominica 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Dominican Republic 18-05-1993 (A) 16-08-1993
Ecuador 30-04-1990 (A) 27-07-1990
Egypt 16-09-1987 02-08-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
El Salvador 02-10-1992 (A) 31-12-1992
Equatorial Guinea 06-09-2006 (A) 05-12-2006
Eritrea 10-03-2005 (A) 08-06-2005
Estonia 17-10-1996 (A) 15-01-1997
Eswatini 10-11-1992 (A) 08-02-1993
Ethiopia 11-10-1994 (A) 09-01-1995
EU (European Union) 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 16-03-1989
Federated States of Micronesia 06-09-1995 (A) 05-12-1995
Fiji 23-10-1989 (A) 21-01-1990
Finland 16-09-1987 23-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
France 16-09-1987 28-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Gabon 09-02-1994 (A) 10-05-1994
Gambia, The 25-07-1990 (A) 23-10-1990
Georgia 21-03-1996 (A) 19-06-1996
Germany 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Ghana 16-09-1987 24-07-1989 (R) 22-10-1989
Greece 29-10-1987 29-12-1988 (R) 29-03-1989
Grenada 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Guatemala 07-11-1989 (A) 05-02-1990
Guinea 25-06-1992 (A) 23-09-1992
Guinea-Bissau 12-11-2002 (A) 10-02-2003
Guyana 12-08-1993 (A) 10-11-1993
Haïti 29-03-2000 (A) 27-06-2000
Holy See 05-05-2008 (A) 03-08-2008
Honduras 14-10-1993 (A) 12-01-1994
Hungary 20-04-1989 (A) 19-07-1989
Iceland 29-08-1989 (A) 27-11-1989
India 19-06-1992 (A) 17-09-1992
Indonesia 21-07-1988 26-06-1992 (R) 24-09-1992
Iran 03-10-1990 (A) 01-01-1991
Iraq 25-06-2008 (A) 23-09-2008
Ireland 15-09-1988 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Israel 14-01-1988 30-06-1992 (R) 28-09-1992
Italy 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Jamaica 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Japan 16-09-1987 30-09-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Jordan 31-05-1989 (A) 29-08-1989
Kazakhstan 26-08-1998 (A) 24-11-1998
Kenya 16-09-1987 09-11-1988 (R) 07-02-1989
Kiribati 07-01-1993 (A) 07-04-1993
Kuwait 23-11-1992 (A) 21-02-1993
Kyrgyzstan 31-05-2000 (A) 29-08-2000
Laos 21-08-1998 (A) 19-11-1998
Latvia 28-04-1995 (A) 27-07-1995
Lebanon 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Lesotho 25-03-1994 (A) 23-06-1994
Liberia 15-01-1996 (A) 14-04-1996
Libya 11-07-1990 (A) 09-10-1990
Liechtenstein 08-02-1989 (A) 09-05-1989
Lithuania 18-01-1995 (A) 18-04-1995
Luxembourg 29-01-1988 17-10-1988 (R) 15-01-1989
Madagascar 07-11-1996 (A) 05-02-1997
Malawi 09-01-1991 (A) 09-04-1991
Malaysia 29-08-1989 (A) 27-11-1989
Maldives 12-07-1988 16-05-1989 (R) 14-08-1989
Mali 28-10-1994 (A) 26-01-1995
Malta 15-09-1988 29-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Marshall Islands 11-03-1993 (A) 09-06-1993
Mauritania 26-05-1994 (A) 24-08-1994
Mauritius 18-08-1992 (A) 16-11-1992
Mexico 16-09-1987 31-03-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Moldova 24-10-1996 (A) 22-01-1997
Monaco 12-03-1993 (A) 10-06-1993
Mongolia 07-03-1996 (A) 05-06-1996
Montenegro 23-10-2006 (Su) 03-06-2006
Morocco 07-01-1988 28-12-1995 (R) 27-03-1996
Mozambique 09-09-1994 (A) 08-12-1994
Myanmar 24-11-1993 (A) 22-02-1994
Namibia 20-09-1993 (A) 19-12-1993
Nauru 12-11-2001 (A) 10-02-2002
Nepal 06-07-1994 (A) 04-10-1994
Netherlands, the Kingdom of the 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
New Zealand 16-09-1987 21-07-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Nicaragua 05-03-1993 (A) 03-06-1993
Niger 09-10-1992 (A) 07-01-1993
Nigeria 31-10-1988 (A) 29-01-1989
Niue 22-12-2003 (A) 21-03-2004
North Macedonia 10-03-1994 (Su) 17-11-1991
Norway 16-09-1987 24-06-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Oman 30-06-1999 (A) 28-09-1999
Pakistan 18-12-1992 (A) 18-03-1993
Palau 29-05-2001 (A) 27-08-2001
Palestine 18-03-2019 (A) 16-06-2019
Panama 16-09-1987 03-03-1989 (R) 01-06-1989
Papua New Guinea 27-10-1992 (A) 25-01-1993
Paraguay 03-12-1992 (A) 03-03-1993
Peru 31-03-1993 (A) 29-06-1993
Philippines 14-09-1988 17-07-1991 (R) 15-10-1991
Poland 13-07-1990 (A) 11-10-1990
Portugal 16-09-1987 17-10-1988 (R) 15-01-1989
Qatar 22-01-1996 (A) 21-04-1996
Republic of Korea, the 27-02-1992 (A) 27-05-1992
Republic of the Congo 15-09-1988 16-11-1994 (R) 14-02-1995
Romania 27-01-1993 (A) 27-04-1993
Russian Federation 29-12-1987 10-11-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Rwanda 11-10-2001 (A) 09-01-2002
Saint Kitts and Nevis 10-08-1992 (A) 08-11-1992
Saint Lucia 28-07-1993 (A) 26-10-1993
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02-12-1996 (A) 02-03-1997
Samoa 21-12-1992 (A) 21-03-1993
San Marino 23-04-2009 (A) 22-07-2009
São Tomé e Principe 19-11-2001 (A) 17-02-2002
Saudi Arabia 01-03-1993 (A) 30-05-1993
Senegal 16-09-1987 06-05-1993 (R) 04-08-1993
Serbia 12-03-2001 (Su) 27-04-1992
Seychelles 06-01-1993 (A) 06-04-1993
Sierra Leone 29-08-2001 (A) 27-11-2001
Singapore 05-01-1989 (A) 05-04-1989
Slovakia 28-05-1993 (Su) 01-01-1993
Slovenia 06-07-1992 (Su) 25-06-1991
Solomon Islands 17-06-1993 (A) 15-09-1993
Somalia 01-08-2001 (A) 30-10-2001
South Africa 15-01-1990 (A) 15-04-1990
South Sudan 12-01-2012 (A) 11-04-2012
Spain 21-07-1988 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Sri Lanka 15-12-1989 (A) 15-03-1990
Sudan 29-01-1993 (A) 29-04-1993
Suriname 14-10-1997 (A) 12-01-1998
Sweden 16-09-1987 29-06-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Switzerland 16-09-1987 28-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Syria 12-12-1989 (A) 12-03-1990
Tajikistan 07-01-1998 (A) 07-04-1998
Tanzania 16-04-1993 (A) 15-07-1993
Thailand 15-09-1988 07-07-1989 (R) 05-10-1989
Timor-Leste 16-09-2009 (A) 15-12-2009
Togo 16-09-1987 25-02-1991 (R) 26-05-1991
Tonga 29-07-1998 (A) 27-10-1998
Trinidad and Tobago 28-08-1989 (A) 26-11-1989
Tunisia 25-09-1989 (A) 24-12-1989
Turkey 20-09-1991 (A) 19-12-1991
Turkmenistan 18-11-1993 (A) 16-02-1994
Tuvalu 15-07-1993 (A) 13-10-1993
Uganda 15-09-1988 15-09-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Ukraine 18-02-1988 20-09-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
United Arab Emirates 22-12-1989 (A) 22-03-1990
United Kingdom 16-09-1987 16-12-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
United States of America 16-09-1987 21-04-1988 (R) 01-01-1989
Uruguay 08-01-1991 (A) 08-04-1991
Uzbekistan 18-05-1993 (A) 16-08-1993
Vanuatu 21-11-1994 (A) 19-02-1995
Venezuela 16-09-1987 06-02-1989 (R) 07-05-1989
Vietnam 26-01-1994 (A) 26-04-1994
Yemen 21-02-1996 (A) 21-05-1996
Yugoslavia (< 25-06-1991) 03-01-1991 (A) 03-04-1991
Zambia 24-01-1990 (A) 24-04-1990
Zimbabwe 03-11-1992 (A) 01-02-1993

Extensions

China

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Hong Kong SAR 01-07-1997
Macao SAR 20-12-1999

Denmark

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Faroes 12-02-1997
Greenland 12-02-1997

New Zealand

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Tokelau Islands 01-01-1989

Portugal

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Macao (<20-12-1999) 15-02-1994 20-12-1999

United Kingdom

Extended to Entry into force Termination
Anguilla 01-01-1989
Bermuda 01-01-1989
British Antarctic Territory 01-01-1989
British Indian Ocean Territory 01-01-1989
British Virgin Islands 01-01-1989
Cayman Islands 01-01-1989
Ducie and Oeno Islands 01-01-1989
Falkland Islands 01-01-1989
Gibraltar 01-01-1989
Guernsey 30-08-1990
Henderson Island 01-01-1989
Hong Kong (< 01-07-1997) 01-01-1989 01-07-1997
Jersey 01-01-1989
Man, Isle of 01-01-1989
Montserrat 01-01-1989
Pitcairn Islands 01-01-1989
Saint-Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 01-01-1989
South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands 01-01-1989
Turks and Caicos Islands 01-01-1989

Parent treaties

Title Date of conclusion Place of conclusion
Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer 22-03-1985 Wenen

Child treaties

Title Date of conclusion Place of conclusion
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 29-06-1990 Londen
Adjustments to the Montreal Protocol on substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 29-06-1990 Londen
Ajdustments to Annex D of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 21-06-1991 Nairobi
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 25-11-1992 Kopenhagen
Adjustments to Articles 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D and 2E of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 25-11-1992 Kopenhagen
Adjustments to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer relating to controlled substances in Annex A, B, C and E 07-12-1995 Wenen
Adjustments to Annexes A, B and E of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 17-09-1997 Montreal
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 17-09-1997 Montreal
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 03-12-1999 Beijing
Adjustments to Annexes A, B and E of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 03-12-1999 Beijing
Adjustments to Annex C of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 21-09-2007 Montreal
Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 15-10-2016 Kigali
Adjustments to Annex C of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 09-11-2018 Quito

Actions

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